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Cannabis contains Cannabinoids, which are made and stored in the plant's trichomes. Trichomes are tiny, clear hairs that stick out from the flowers and leaves of the plant. Cannabinoids have effects on cell receptors in the brain and body. They can change how those cells behave and communicate with each other.  


Generally speaking, there are two main cannabinoids referenced by consumers when choosing their Cannabis products: 

THC - The cannabinoid most commonly associated with cannabis, is responsible for the “high” felt from cannabis.   


CBD - Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. CBD is a cannabis compound that has many potential medical benefits.

Sativa and Indica are two distinct species from the same cannabis family. They show different growing characteristics, highs and medicinal effects. Understanding the variation can make all the difference for users when choosing a strain.  Hybrids, as the name suggests, are a "mix" of both Sativa and Indica strains, bred to combine traits.  Below is a guide which we believe will help you understand the differences in choices available to you, allowing you to make an informed purchase to suit your needs and desires when it comes to cannabis products.


Cannabis Sativa plants grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa plants have lower CBD and higher THC counts.

Sativa traits:


Typically, cannabis Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants have higher CBD and lower THC counts.


Indica traits:


Hybrid strains are a combination of both Sativa and Indica strains, and have been bred to combine traits. There is no generalized list of medical or recreational traits for hybrid cannabis strains, as they can literally be bred to encompass a wide range of actions, which vary from strain to strain. 


Cannabis gets its scent from compounds in the plants called Terpenes. Terpenes are fragrant oils found in many types of plants, especially coniferous (evergreen) varieties. The chemical compounds they secrete give fruits, vegetables, flowers and herbs their signature scents. There are over 100 identified terpenes, many of which are unique to the cannabis plant. 


We all have individual preferences for smells and tastes, so knowing the terpene profile of a cannabis product can help you choose one with a scent and flavour profile you’d most likely prefer.

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